The total population of Belgium is 11,498,519 people. People in Belgium speak the Dutch, German, and French languages. The linguistic diversity of Belgium is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Belgium is 0.5409. The median age is approximately 43.1 years. Life expectancy in Belgium is 80. The female fertility rate in Belgium is 1.8. Around 22% of the population of Belgium are obese. The ethnic diversity is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Belgium is 0.5554. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Belgium see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.
In Belgium, the population density is 368 people per square kilometer (957 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of Belgium is 11,498,519 people. Belgium has approximately 1,387,940 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Belgium represent 0.5 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Belgium represent 10.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Belgium is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Belgium is 0.5554. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Belgium. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Belgium on median age and gender distribution at various ages.